Understanding and appreciating elements of interior design is key to developing interior design principles necessary to make your space interesting and representative of your trading company. Good interior design can also create a comfortable, pleasant atmosphere at home.
Interior design elements – line, texture and pattern, color, light and scale and proportions – serve as the basis for interior design principles such as balance, scale, proportions, rhythm, emphasis, equilibrium and harmony. The careful application of the elements and principles of design creates a commercial area that consolidates your brand and transmits your corporate message, or a home design that creates harmony and attractive aesthetics for a comfortable life.
Balance is of the utmost importance in all furnishing elements and we take it for granted from a young age. The youngest child quickly learns that the stacked wooden blocks fall unbalanced or the bicycle tips over and sends the rider to the ground. As adults, we understand the need to balance life and work, and we know that sometimes we need to take a break to enjoy some time out. The need for balance is an integral part of our life and a key element of interior design.
Interior design elements
The elements of design are not only found in the interior design. Throughout history, they have been used by painters, photographers, sculptors, and many others. Throughout recorded history, artists of all kinds have discovered these elements and adapted them to their own needs. They are considered a standard and an essential part of the visual arts. When evaluating your design, consider the following interior elements:
Every house needs large and small living areas to address our psyche. This can be achieved through the actual space or a design that gives the appearance of that space. The space must also be balanced between a positively filled living area and an empty, negative area. For example, traffic paths are negative areas that are important on a functional level.
Shape and shape
Features are two-dimensional, while features are three-dimensional.
Mass is the density of an object, whether actual or perceived.
Lines have a significant impact on the design. They create width and height or give the appearance of flow, movement or activity. Lines offer a variety of visual effects. Horizontal lines convey a sense of security, while vertical lines convey the impression of freedom or expansion.
Angular lines create action, while curved lines are soft and convey a sense of comfort. Correctly used lines create a pleasant effect. The best focus will be a mix of these line types, with one type taking the lead. The leading line should represent the special feeling you want to portray in your home or office.
Textures and patterns
Textures are the physical feel of the facility or the appearance of the surface. Patterns are shapes that are arranged in an orderly manner.
This is a critical part of all fine arts. The interior decoration of residential buildings offers a variety of lighting options. General light is overall lighting, while work lighting is more focused. Accent lighting accentuates a specific focus or uses a special effect such as B. sparkling lighting. Artificial lighting can change the appearance of colors, textures and patterns, either by preserving them or by giving them an altered appearance.
The choice of color in interior design is perhaps the most personal element. Everyone has a favorite color and they have certain associations with certain colors. Colors can influence the feeling of space. Red, yellow and oranges give a warm aura, while blue, green and purples give a cool effect. Beige, black, brown, white and gray have a neutral effect.
Interior design principles
Professional interior designers understand the need to evaluate each element of a given project and choose what is great and mediocre or what will or will not flow. These elements guide the principles of interior design. When choosing or arranging furniture, consider the following principles for interior design:
See the entire perspective of the project and focus on using objects that are the same or complementary in size and structure.
Examine how the different parts of the design relate to the whole.
Think about how the design will flow in each room and through the entire home or business.
Take a look at what the design focus is on.
Create a balance in different ways through the mirror images of the symmetry, the variation towards a central point of asymmetry or the circular design of the radial.
Bring together objects and elements to create a sense of appropriateness and add some variety to add a touch of variety and variety. Harmonious designs create an environment that is appealing and will remain so for a long time to come.
Interior balance doesn’t necessarily mean perfectly symmetrical design. There are several ways to balance elements of different sizes, shapes, and visual weights.
A symmetrical balance in a design occurs when half of a room mirrors the other side. The result is a neat, tidy appearance that is aesthetically pleasing to the eye.
Balance can also be achieved through asymmetry. Furniture, architecture or accessories that do not match or are arranged very differently may be on opposite sides of a room. However, when the elements have the same visual weight, there is a very effective asymmetrical balance.
The radial symmetry begins with a central point from which the objects in the room radiate a spiral pattern. This is especially effective if you are focusing on stairs in larger foyers or on suitable ceiling fixings. Radial symmetry can also be achieved with round carpets, curved sofas or other furniture with a round structure.
While balance, unity, and harmony are important in designs, it is important to use contrast to create focus and prevent interiors from being too uniform or neutral.
Mix things with different colors and shapes. Even the most minimalist design styles use contrasting elements to prevent a flat, boring look. For example, a minimalist living room can be upgraded with gray, standard-shaped shelves with rattan items. An orange square top can be a focal point on these shelves. Curved furniture and bamboo trim can play the straight lines of a dining and living room, even if the colors and hues are similar.
It’s also important to balance positive and negative spaces. Color, furniture, carpets, art, and bright, bold floors create positive spaces. Negative spaces contain levels, white space, and emptiness. Too much positive space creates visual clutter, while an abundance of negative space creates a cold, empty space. By coordinating the two room types, the negative room can direct the focus to an important focal point or piece of furniture in the positive room.
By creating a sense of balance, you can influence a customer’s perception of your commercial space and give them a positive image of your corporate culture. Balance through the use of furnishing elements and furnishing principles in the house creates a comfortable, appealing atmosphere for you and your visitors.
An experienced, registered interior designer can help create the perfect atmosphere for your home or business.