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Heartwarming 17+ Backyard Ponds For Your Garden

Heartwarming 17+ Backyard Ponds For Your Garden

When deciding on a location for your pond, it’s important to remember that they need part sun and part shade. A good rule of thumb is to plan for shade for half the pond as too much sun encourages the growth of unsightly algae and shade can help keep the water clean.

The challenge here is not to dig a pond directly under a tree or next to bushes because you can damage the roots and to avoid fallen leaves that can cause problems with the water. You can use a screen in the fall to soften it later, and you can also create shade in other ways.

Many municipalities require a permit to build a dam. This may also mean that your garden must be fenced.

A pre-formed, hard dam liner provides a shelf for plants. By going this route, you know exactly what the pond will look like.

On the other hand, a flexible pond liner will allow for a level of creativity in small backyard pond design. You can dig out the hole in a way that creates a shelf for plants and therefore give it a more natural look adapted to your garden.

Step 3 – Dig and install the liner
It is recommended that garden ponds are at least 2 feet deep to ensure there is enough water to avoid cloudiness. If you live in a cold climate where the pond can freeze, like we have in Ontario, you should go down to 3 feet.

After digging the hole, remove all rocks and protrusions to protect the lining. With a preformed dam liner, it is important to fill the back along the outer edges for support. Also, be sure to level the preformed pond and the area around it.

A flexible dam liner should be secured by wrapping the edges around flat rocks. Make sure you leave plenty of overlap when you cut the liner so it doesn’t slide down.

Buy a filter and pump to keep the pond water moving. A filtration system keeps the water moving and clean. You need a certain size of filter depending on the volume of water in the pond. Biological filters are also available.

Aeration helps keep the water clean and provides oxygen to any fish you may add to the pond. This is accomplished by moving the water surface. A very large pond is aerated by winds and you can replicate this in your own small backyard pond by adding a waterfall or installing a fountain.